It has been five years since the armed group ISIL was defeated in Raqqa in northern Syria.
The city served as its base.
Yet many of the conditions that made Raqqa vulnerable to an ISIL takeover in 2013, still exist today.
Governance is weak and attacks are common across the city.
People are living in ruins, with limited electricity, water, and access to education and medical services.
Who is responsible?
And how much of a threat is a resurgence of ISIL, in its former capital?
Presenter: Emily Angwin
Joshua Landis, Director at the Center for Middle East Studies at University of Oklahoma.
Murat Yesiltas, Director of Foreign Policy Research at SETA, a think tank covering security and foreign policy issues.
Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi, editor of Castlereagh Associates. Aymenn is a speicalist on ISIL.
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